60W incandescent lamp countdown to delisting Who will become mainstream
It is still a month before the “forbidden sales order” takes effect, but it is difficult to see the high-power incandescent lamps in the Changsha lighting market.
According to the “China's Roadmap for Phase-out of Incandescent Lamps”, starting from October 1 this year, China will ban the import and sale of incandescent lamps for general lighting of 60 watts or more.
As the most commonly used lighting products in the home, incandescent lamps with a power of 60 watts have been a common electric light source in consumer life.
"The civil market is very large. With the full delisting of incandescent lamps, this part of the market will be quickly filled with energy-saving lamps and LED lights."
Although there is still one month before the “forbidden sales order” takes effect, it is difficult to see the high-power incandescent lamps in the Changsha lighting market.
"About six or seven years ago, 60W incandescent bulbs were still very popular. They couldn't be seen in recent years. Not to mention 100W. The main reason is that it is too power-consuming and the frequency of replacement is high," said Nanhu Lighting City. The salesperson told the reporter of Sanxiang City Daily that the best selling now is the energy-saving lamp with a price of more than ten yuan and the LED lamp with twenty or thirty yuan. "To achieve the same lighting intensity, incandescent lamps need 60 watts, energy-saving lamps need 12 watts, LED lights only need 5 watts, how much electricity can be saved in a year, this account will understand."
Argument] energy-saving lamps and LED lights, the future is the mainstream
Incandescent's "abdication" has created a huge space for the development of LED lamps and energy-saving lamps. In the current ban "white" phase, compared to LED lights and energy-saving lamps, in the end who has more advantages?
In terms of performance, LED lamps are more efficient and have a longer life than energy-saving lamps.
"Ordinary energy-saving lamps have only 6000-8000 hours of lighting time, but the LED lamp lighting time can reach 50,000 hours." According to this data calculation, an LED lamp only needs electricity for 1250 hours in the 50,000-hour life cycle. Degree, and general energy-saving lamps to achieve the same lighting duration and the same luminous efficiency, need to spend 3250 kWh, a full 2,000 kWh more, according to the current electricity rate benchmark, need to spend more than 1,000 yuan, which does not include the cost of replacing the bulb .
From the sales situation, the price of branded LED home energy-saving lamps in the market is generally around 60 yuan each, which makes many consumers discourage. According to industry sources, the price of LED components is still relatively high, which has affected the popularity and acceptance of LED lamps in the entire lighting market.
Energy-saving lamps have environmental pollution
Behind the large-scale promotion of energy-saving lamps, hidden dangers also exist. An ordinary energy-saving lamp has a mercury content of about 5 milligrams, which is only enough to cover a ballpoint pen tip, but it may cause 180 tons of water to be contaminated when it penetrates underground. Because the boiling point of mercury is low, it can evaporate at room temperature. After the waste energy-saving lamp is broken, the concentration of mercury in the surrounding air can be exceeded by a hundred times.
There are various types of energy-saving lamps sold on the market. However, most packaging does not provide instructions for the disposal of energy-saving lamps, nor does it give any warning about "lights containing mercury."
Compared with China's non-hazardous treatment of energy-saving lamps, the broken energy-saving lamps are sent to the landfill site as domestic waste is disposed. The practice of energy-saving lamps recycling in Japan is worth learning from, for example, there is a special disposal in Hokkaido. Energy-saving lamp institutions - 93% of waste energy-saving lamps are collected by non-governmental environmental protection organizations, and the remaining 7% are collected by various manufacturers.
In addition to Japan, the EU and the United States attach great importance to the recovery of energy-saving lamps. In Sweden and Germany, the recovery of energy-saving lamps is mainly based on sales system recycling and community recycling. In the United States, the “Environmental Protection Law” clearly stipulates that the original owner of waste should always be responsible for his own waste, and seven states prohibit it. Energy-saving lamps are placed directly in conventional garbage bags. As for other states, there are specific times during the year to dispose of used energy-saving lamps.
Incandescent exit route map
From October 1st, 2011 to September 30th, 2012, it is a transitional period, and an announcement and delisting road map will be issued to the whole society;
From October 1, 2012, incandescent lamps for general lighting ≥ 100W, prohibiting imports and domestic sales;
From October 1st, 2014, incandescent lamps for general lighting are ≥ 60W, banned from import and domestic sales, and halogen-tungsten lamp energy efficiency standards are issued, and production, import, and sales of halogen lamps below the limit of energy efficiency are prohibited;
From October 1, 2015 to September 30, 2016, conduct mid-term evaluations and adjust follow-up policies;
From October 1, 2016, incandescent lamps for general lighting ≥ 15W, prohibiting imports and domestic sales. The final ban on the target product and time and whether the production is banned depends on the results of the mid-term evaluation in 2015.